# 2.29Measurement Word Problems with Division - Part 2

**2.29Measurement Word Problems with Division - Part 2**

**COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS**

Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.

**5.NBT.B.6 - Number and Operations in Base Ten**

Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

**5.NBT.B.7 - Number and Operations in Base Ten**

Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

BIG IDEA

Students will solve division word problems involving multi-digit division with group size unknown and the number of groups unknown.

**Standards of Mathematical Practice**

Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them

Reason abstractly and quantitatively

□Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others

Model with mathematics

□Use appropriate tools strategically

Attend to precision

Look for and make use of structure

Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning /

**Informal Assessments:**

□Math Journal

□Cruising Clipboard

□Foldable

□Checklist

Exit Ticket

Response Boards

Problem Set

Class Discussion

**PREPARING FOR THE ACTIVITY**/ MATERIALS

□Today’s block is a continuation of the problem solving from yesterday. It is suggested that delivery of today’s lesson follow that of Block 28. It is also acceptable to allow students as much independence in solving as is appropriate for your particular student population. /

- Personal Response Boards/Markers
- Problem Set 2.29
- Exit Ticket 2.29
- Additional Practice 2.29

VOCABULARY

AUTOMATICITY / TEACHER NOTES

Unit Conversions

- Distribute personal boards.
- Repeat the process from Blocks 27 and 28for each unit conversion, varying numbers that students need to compute.

- Repeat the process from Block 27 for possible sequence: 8.61 ÷ 21, 4.9 ÷ 14, and 24 ÷ 16.

**Unit Conversions:**

This drill will review unit conversions and prepare students for problem solving in today’s Concept Development.

**Divide Decimals by Two-Digit Numbers:**This drill will review Block 27 content.

**SETTING THE STAGE**/ TEACHER NOTES

Application Problem

- Display the following problem. Allow students to use RDW to solve. Discuss with students after they have solved the problem.

*A one-year (52-week) subscription to a weekly magazine is $39.95. Greg calculates that he would save $219.53 if he subscribed to the magazine instead of purchasing it each week at the store. What is the price of the individual magazine at the store?*

Possible Solution:

Connection to Big Idea

*Today, we will finish our unit on division. We will continue to work on problems in real-life situations that involve division. Tell me some of the strategies you have learned which have helped you solve these problems.*

(Accept student responses.) / Note:This Application Problem uses concepts from Unit 1 in the first step of the problem and division of decimals with group size unknown from Unit 2 in the second step of the problem. A tape diagram or place value chart can be used to add the decimals and a tape diagram is the ideal strategy to represent the division. $259.48 ÷ 52 is best solved through estimation, as the dividend can be estimated as an easily identifiable multiple of 50. However, if it is deemed that more time is needed for Exploring the Concept, the Application Problem may be used for homework or a journal entry.

**EXPLORE THE CONCEPT**/ TEACHER NOTES

1.Distribute Problem Set 2.29.

2.Follow the procedure from yesterday’s block, allowing students to work and then discussing each of the problems and solutions, as shown below, with the class.

- Before solving:

*Will the amount delivered to the stores in Baltimore be more or less than half of the total amount of potatoes delivered? How do you know?*

(More than half because more than half of the stores are in Baltimore.)

The stores in Baltimore received 903 kg of potatoes.

- After solving and assessing reasonableness:

*How can you know that your final answer is reasonable? Was the amount delivered to the Baltimore stores more than half of the total?*

*How did you determine if your decimal was placed reasonably in your product?*

(I was multiplying by 12. I knew that my answer needed to be more than 750 but less than 7,500. The only place that made sense to put the decimal made the answer 903 – not 90.3 or 9,030. I mentally multiplied 75.25 by 100 to make it 7,525 hundredths before I multiplied by 12. I knew I needed to adjust my product by dividing by 100 at the end.)

- After solving and assessing reasonableness:

(The quotient is the number of weeks that the detergent will last. It will last a little more than 6 weeks, but that means she won’t have enough for all the laundry in the seventh week. To have enough for 7 weeks, the detergent bottle would need to hold 7 × 12 oz which is 84 oz. It’s less than that so she has to buy after 6 weeks.)

- After solving and assessing reasonableness:

*Find someone whose drawing looks different than yours for Problem 3 or 4. Compare your approaches.*

*How are these two problems alike and how are they different?*

(Both are about rectangles with missing information. One asks for area and the other asks for perimeter. You have to remember how to find area and perimeter and find out the missing side before you can answer the question.) /

**Note: This two-step equal groups with group size unknown**problem requires first dividing to find the value of one unit and then multiplying to find the value of 12 of those units.

Note: The interpretation of the remainder in this single-step

**equal groups with number of groups unknown**problem requires that students recognize the need to buy a new bottle of detergent in 6 weeks. Although there will be a small amount of detergent left after the sixth week, there is not enough to do a seventh week of laundry.

Note:Problems 3 and 4 require students to apply their knowledge of area and perimeter to find missing sides using division, and then use that information to answer the question. In Problem 3, area information must be used to find perimeter, and in Problem 4, perimeter must be used to find area. In both cases, students must account for the existence of 2 pairs of equal sides in their calculations. In Problem 3, students may find it more helpful to draw a rectangle rather than a tape diagram. However, the 3 times as long relationship in Problem 4 might be better modeled using a tape diagram. An added complexity of Problem 4 is the need to convert between kilometers and meters.

**UDL – Multiple Means of Representation:**When using a tape diagram that is divided into to more than 10 equal parts, encourage students to use dot, dot, dot to indicate the uniformity of the equal parts in the tape diagram to save time and space. For students who are having difficulty with the tape diagram or calculations, it is better to work with smaller numbers that allow for a greater understanding of the concept when modeled.

REFLECTION / TEACHER NOTES

- Invite students to review their solutions for the Problem Set. They should check their work by comparing answers with a partner before going over answers as a class.
- Guide students in a conversation to debrief the Problem Set and process the block. You may choose to use any combination of the questions below to lead the discussion.

- Compare Problems 3 and 4 and Problems 1 and 2. Students may note the following:
- A bar model is not as helpful as a picture of the rectangles in Problem 3.
- In Problems 3 and 4, it is harder to say if the divisor is the number of groups or the size of the group.
- All four problems involve measurement.
- What did the divisor represent in each equation? What did the unknown represent for each? How did that change the model you drew? Which is easier to draw?

- Allow students to complete Exit Ticket 2.29 independently.

Source:

Grade 5Unit23:Block 29

Name: ______Date: ______

**Problem Set 2.29 – page 1**

1. Lamar has 1,354.5 kilograms of potatoes to deliver to 18 stores. 12 of the stores are in Baltimore. How many kilograms of potatoes will be delivered to stores in Baltimore?

2. Valerie uses 12 oz of detergent each week for her laundry. If there are 75 oz of detergent in the bottle, in how many weeks will she need to buy a new bottle of detergent? Explain how you know.

**Problem Set 2.29 – page 2**

3. The area of a rectangle is 56.96 m2. If the length is 16 m, what is its perimeter?

4. A city block is 3 times as long as it is wide. If the distance around the block is 0.48 kilometers, what is the area of the block in square meters?

Name: ______Date: ______

**Exit Ticket 2.29**

Solve.

Hayley borrowed $1,854 from her parents. She agreed to repay them in equal installments over the next 18 months. How much will Hayley still owe her parents after a year?

Name: ______Date: ______

Exit Ticket 2.29

Solve.

Hayley borrowed $1,854 from her parents. She agreed to repay them in equal installments over the next 18 months. How much will Hayley still owe her parents after a year?

Name ______Date ______

Additional Practice 2.29 – page 1

Directions: Solve the word problems using the bar model.

- Michelle wants to save $150 for a trip to Six Flags Amusement Park. If she saves $12 each week, how many weeks will it take her to save enough money for the trip?

- Karen works for 85 hours over a two week period. She earns $1,891.25 over this period. How much does Karen earn for 8 hours of work?

- The area of a rectangle is 256.5 m2. If the length is 18 m, what is the perimeter of the rectangle?

Additional Practice 2.29 – page 2

- Tyler baked 702 cookies. He sold them in boxes of 18. After selling all the boxes of cookies, he earned $136.50. What was the cost of one box of cookies?

- A park is 4 times as long as it is wide. If the distance around the park is 12.5 kilometers, what is the area of the park